Flammability

Introduction to flammability...

Flammability and combustibility are important safety considerations. Whilst safe when used as directed, a risk assessment should be undertaken before introducing combustible materials to the workplace. The risk assessment will consider both the material and the working environment.
This text is intended as an introduction to the subject, and should not be considered definitive or exhaustive.
 

Non-flammable products

Please consider the various benefits of our comprehensive range of products. Aqueous products (water based) are non-flammable and non-combustible.

 

What is the difference between flammability and combustibility?

The flammability of a liquid is generally assessed from its flashpoint. The flashpoint is the minimum temperature at which a saturated vapour will ignite. As ignition is usually initiated through vapour, then spreads to the liquid, this is an important metric.
As the flashpoint temperature increases, and volatility decreases, there is less chance of vapour ignition. So we turn our minds to the auto-ignition, or combustibility of the bulk liquid. This is the auto-ignition temperature.

So the two are related…flammability, vapour…and combustibility, liquid.
 

What are the flammability classifications? 

Flammable liquids categorised under CLP will be clearly labelled as:
Category 1: flashpoint <23 °C and initial boiling point ≤35 °C.
Category 2: flashpoint <23 °C and initial boiling point >35 °C.
Category 3: flashpoint ≥23 °C and initial boiling point ≤60 °C.
Non-flammable combustible liquids with a flashpoint above 60 °C.

 

Anything else?

Yes, the overall working environment should also be taken into consideration. Other pertinent factors such as sources of ignition, ventilation, viscosity, surface area, physical environment and method of application all play their part.

How to store flammable liquids
 

The HSE recognise that flammable liquids are sometimes essential in the workplace.
The recommended maximum quantities that may be stored in cabinets and bins are:

- No more than 50 litres for highly flammable liquids, and those with a flashpoint below the maximum ambient temperature of the workroom/working area;
- No more than 250 litres for other flammable liquids with a higher flashpoint of up to 60 °C.

Para 211 https://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/priced/hsg51.pdf
 
Can’t get enough of flammability regs?
 

Check out these well written and informative guides.
https://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/priced/hsg51.pdf
https://www.hse.gov.uk/pUbns/priced/hsg140.pdf
 
If you’ve stayed with us this far, thank you. Please take the time to check out our range of safe, non-flammable, aqueous and non-aqueous cleaners.